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研究用斑馬魚
文章出處
  蔡豐州醫師
日期&閱覽
 張貼日期:2005/6/10  閱覽次數:3847
Brachydanio rerio(Zebra Danio)


@ 屬於鯉科(Cyprinids); 多條縱紋, 顏色取決於光線
@ 親魚有吞食魚蛋的習性, 屬於散性; 可以用尼龍網, 玻璃球, 人工魚巢, 水草
@ 來源: Eastern India             
@ Adult Size: 2 inches (6 cm)
@ 又稱為 "bread and butter" fishes because of it's ease of keeping, continued popularity and it's favorable price and availability.
@ Social: Peaceful, suitable for community tanks
@ Lifespan: 5 years
@ Tank Level: All levels
@ Minimum Tank Size: 10 gallon
@ 食物: Omnivore, eats most foods
@ Breeding: Egglayer
@ Care: Easy
@ pH: 6.5 - 7.0
@ Hardness: 5-12 dGH
@ Temperature: 64-74 F (18-24 C)


Description:
Among the most hardy and active of aquarium fish, the Zebra danio is easily recognized by its distinctive horizontal stripes. The slim compressed silver-gold body sports blue-purple horizontal stripes running from gill to tail.

Their small size, no more than two and half inches, and peaceful nature, make them well suited to a community aquarium. Both sexes have two pairs of barbels and the same stripes, but females are usually larger and more full-bodied than the males.

 圖左是雄魚; 圖右是雌魚

Albino, veil tailed, and long finned varieties are available, as well as a popular leopard variety. The leopard variety is characterized by a copious sprinkling of black spots over the entire body. All varieties thrive in schools.

Habitat/Care
Zebras are primarily surface dwelling fish that favor moving waters. Technically they are considered cold-water fish, preferring water in the 64-75 degree range. However, they will adapt to a wide range of water conditions.

They should be provided with plenty of lighting and an open swimming space, together with some vegetation.

Diet
Zebra danios are omnivorous, accepting almost any foods. Although undemanding in diet, they particularly enjoy small live or frozen inverts, and fresh vegetable matter.

Breeding
Ideal for beginners, as they are prolific breeders. Zebra danios are somewhat unique, as they are quite loyal to their chosen mate. Mated pairs remain together, and rarely spawn with others, even if one mate dies.

The breeding tank should be set up with shallow water, approximately six inches deep. Furnish the tank with fine-leaved plants or a spawning grid on the bottom. Course gravel works well, as the eggs will fall between the gravel pieces and will be protected from the adult fish, which will readily eat their own eggs.

Spawning requires temperatures of up to 78 degrees, and can be trigged by raising the water a couple of degrees near dawn, when spawning normally occurs. 300 to 500 eggs will be scattered across the bottom and on the plants. Remove breeders after spawning, as they will consume the young.

The fry will hatch in two days. They are very tiny, and can easily be lost when changing water, so take care when maintaining the grow-out tank. Feed the young commercially prepared fry food, or finely crushed dry foods. Powdered egg may also be added to the fry food to promote growth.

 


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